Cars are becoming much more than a transportation method. With future technology, their role in society will dramatically evolve. Electrification, connectivity and autonomous driving are proving to be engines this transformation.

In Japan, we have a partnership with Japanese internet company DeNA. Nissan and DeNA began field tests of Easy Ride, robo-vehicle ride hailing service, in Japan. The first test was done in March 2018 in the Minatomirai district of Yokohama, in Japan's Kanagawa Prefecture, with public participation in order to study operating process and business scheme. After field test phase, Nissan and DeNA plan to begin a service in a limited environment at first, and then introduce a full service in the early 2020s.

In France, with Transdev, we jointly explore the development of mobility services with electric, autonomous and shared vehicles for public and on-demand transportation. This includes field tests in Rouen and on the Paris-Saclay urban campus.

In China, in February 2018 we has signed a memorandum of understanding with DiDi Chuxing (‘DiDi’), the leading Chinese mobile transportation platform, to explore future business cooperation on a new electric vehicle car-sharing program in the People’s Republic of China.